- Article 324 deals with the Election Commission.
- It provides that the power of superintendence, direction, and control of elections to parliament, state legislatures, the office of president of India, and the office of vice-president of India shall be vested in the election commission.
- It is a permanent and independent body.
- It is common to both the Central government and the state governments.
- It consists of the chief election commissioner and other election commissioners, as the president
may decide from time to time.
- President appoints both the chief election commissioner and other election commissioners.
- The conditions of service and tenure of office of the election commissioners and the regional
commissioners shall be determined by the president.
- The chief election commissioner and the two other election commissioners have equal powers and receive equal salary, allowances, and other perquisites, which are similar to those of a judge of the Supreme Court.
- They hold office for a term of six years or until they attain the age of 65 years, whichever is
POWERS AND FUNCTIONS
- It determines the territorial areas of the electoral constituencies throughout the country on the
basis of the Delimitation Commission Act of Parliament.
- It prepares the electoral roll and registers all eligible voters.
- It grants recognition to the political parties and hence provides them with election symbols.
- It advises both the president and governor on matters relating to the disqualifications of the
members of Parliament and members of state legislature respectively.
- It supervises the machinery of elections throughout the country to ensure free and fair elections.