Vice President

The Vice President of India is the second highest position in the country. The Indian Vice-President office is modeled in the lines of American Vice-President. But we cannot expect the equal powers and functions of American Vice-President.

Indian Polity Notes – Video

If you are too bored to read the entire theory part, then go with this Indian Polity Notes – Video Below.

The Vice President Of India

Election Format

  • The Vice President election will be conducted in the same manner like President.
  • The system of proportional representation by many of single transferable vote and voting will be conducted through the method of the secret ballot.

Who will vote

  • For the vice president election both the elected and nominated members of Parliament which is called as the electoral college will vote.

Comparing with President election

  • But in case of President only elected members of Parliament to have the right to vote.
  • And also in the case of President, the members of state legislative assemblies will vote.

Qualifications to become a Vice-President

  1. He should (must) be a citizen of India.
  2. He should have completed 35 years of age.
  3. He should be Qualified for election as a member of the Rajya Sabha.
  4. He should not hold any office of Profit under the state (or) union (or) any local (or) any public authority.
  • The nomination of a Vice-President candidate should be subscribed by at least 20 electors as proposers and 20 electors as seconders.
  • Every Vice-President candidate has to pay a deposit of Rs.15,000/- in the Reserve Bank of India.

Vice-President condition of office

  • The Indian constitution said two conditions for the office of Vice-President.
  1. While entering into his office of Vice-President, he should not a member of either house of parliament (or) a state legislative. If any such person elected as Vice-President, then he should vacate his seat in the house on the date on which he enters upon his office as Vice-President.
  2. He should not hold any other office of Profit.

Vice-President – the term of office

  • He can hold the office of Vice-President for the term 5 years.
  • However, he has full rights to resign from his position by addressing his resignation to the President of India.


  • He can be removed from the office before his term completion by impeachment.
  • Passing a resolution in the Rajya Sabha with a majority of the total members of the house and agreed by Lok-sabha will remove the Vice-President from his office.

Excess term

  • Vice-President can hold the office beyond his term period of five years until his successor assumes the office.
  • Indian vice-president is eligible for the re-election to that office.
  • There is no lap for his election attempt. He can be elected for any number of times.

Vice-President  office vacancy

The Vice-President office can occur vacancy in any of the following ways.

  1. On the expiry of the term of 5 years.
  2. By resignation
  3. On his removal
  4. By his death
  5. Otherwise, disqualified by his election is declared void.
  • In any of the above reason, the Vice-President office should not be vacant above six months.
  • It should be filled as soon as the office goes vacant.
  • If the vacancy is going to be caused by the expiration of sitting Vice – President, then the election to fill the vacancy must be held before the expiration of term.

Powers and function of Vice-President

  • He will act as the ex-officio chairman of Rajya Sabha. In this capacity, his powers and functions are equivalent to the speaker of Lok Sabha.
  • In that case, he resembles the Vice-President of America, who also acts as the chairman of the Senate the upper house of American legislature.
  • He also acts as the President, if there is any sudden vacancy in the office of President.
  • While he acting as the President, he will not discharge the duties of chairman of RajySabhaha. These duties will be hand-over to the deputy chairman of Rajya sabha.

Salary of Vice-President

  • Vice-President gets the salary of Rs.1.25 lakhs per month.
  • He also get a fully furnished house, medical, travel and other facilities.
  • He draws his regular salary in the capacity of Rajya Sabha Chairman.
  • In case he is acting as President then he will be paid the salary of President.

About the Author: GetintoIAS Team clearly focus to help civil service aspirants, those who are trying hard to get into IAS.
0 0 votes
Article Rating
Notify of

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
Would love your thoughts, please comment.x